Info on Head Lice and How to Control It

Head lice are common worldwide but they are not dangerous. They are contagious in nature but they never spread diseases. However, whenever there is an issue of lice faced by you or someone from your family, it is important to take necessary steps to control it. Lice on the head can be very annoying as it gives the feeling of something moving around your hair. On top of that lice bites cause itchiness and inflammation on the scalp. Also the issue of lice cannot be ignored at any cost as can even cause skin irritation and even infection. This will slow down your hair growth too.

It is important to note that having lice on the hair in no way indicate poor hygiene or improper hair care routine. The main cause of lice is that you get it from infested people. There are mainly three forms of lice, namely the nit or egg, the nymph, and the adult.

Head lice

Symptoms of Head Lice:

You can find lice on the scalp, behind the ears and near the neckline and at times even at the base of the head. Some of the symptoms include:

  • A tickling sensation in the hair. At times it feels like something is moving in the hair;
  • Itching on the scalp that can be due to the allergic reaction cause by the bites of lice;
  • Sores on the head which happens due to scratching to get relief from the tickling sensation;
  • Infection on the head that causes irritability and you feel like scratching to get relief.

Head Lice Treatment:

Having lice on head can be very irritating and it is not at all good for your health. Once you know you have lice problem, go for the right treatment. The best way to get rid of lice is with a nit comb which you can easily buy from a local pharmacy. Use this special comb to comb your hair thoroughly twice daily for two to three months. While combing, the nit comb must touch the scalp. While you comb, all nymphs and nits along with the adult lice will be removed from your hair. This treatment is perfect for those who are allergic to head lice shampoo and other chemical treatments.

In the market you can also find an electronic louse comb but its effectiveness is much less as compared to the traditional nit comb.
 
Another way to treat head lice is with the help of lotions or sprays that are designed for treating head lice. You can consult your doctor or pharmacist to recommend a suitable product for you. Such chemical products are not for toddlers, pregnant women and people suffering from asthma and other allergy problems.

Home remedies:

There are also many hair home remedies for treating head lice which are very popular. You can use vinegar, mayonnaise, olive oil, butter, petroleum jelly and alcohol to get rid of head lice. Even prolonged water submersion is believed to treat head lice. However these home remedies are not fully effective as all of the eggs or lice are not killed.

Many people go for total hair removal if the infected person is a child. But this is not possible for adults. Hair removal is effective as without a hair shaft, a louse cannot lay its eggs, and thus their production level will also decrease.  This solution is not suitable for even children if they are of sensitive nature.

Some Important Suggestions:

  • Avoid activities that require remaining very close to the infected person.
  • Avoid head-to-head contact with infected people.
  • Do not share your headwear with infected people.
  • Do not share your personal hair care items such as combs, brushes, or towels with others.

To conclude, you must treat head lice quickly once the diagnosis is made because they can spread easily from person to person. 

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