Four Popular Types of Scalp Problems

Healthy hair growth is possible when your scalp is healthy. As scalp is covered by hair, people often ignore it unless there is a problem. There can be different types of scalp problems which can be simple in nature to very serious ones. If the problem of the scalp is not taken care of at the right time, there can be severe hair problems including permanent hair loss.

No matter what type of scalp problem you are suffering from it can be very embarrassing, irritating and upsetting. So you need to be aware of the different types of scalp problems, their causes, their side effects, their symptoms along with the available treatment options.


Four common scalp problems are:


Dandruff is a kind of chronic condition that happens on the scalp. It mainly happens due to fungal growth in the scalp that causes scaling and flaking of the dead skins from the scalp. In simple terms the dead skin starts shedding from the scalp at rapid speed. Other causes can be hormonal imbalance, allergic reactions, excessive mental stress, excessive perspiration, lack of important nutrition, irregular sleep habit, genetic issues, poor hygiene habits, inadequate shampooing of the hair, weather, polluted environment, excessive heat and so on. Symptoms of dandruff are white, oily flakes of dead skins on hair along with an itchy, scaling scalp. There is no way to cure dandruff, but with slight changes in your hair care regimen, you can control it. Wash your hair regularly with an anti-dandruff shampoo, follow a healthy diet, maintain a healthy lifestyle, avoid taking alcohol, stop smoking, and stay away from stress and so on. There are also many home remedies for controlling dandruff. Fenugreek seed, plain curd, fresh lime juice, beetroot, onions, eggs, tea tree oil, olive oil, argan oil, almond oil and Aloe Vera gel are some of the popular ingredients used in the home remedies for controlling dandruff.

Scalp Psoriasis

It is a kind of scalp condition where white scales appear on the scalp. Often the infected area becomes dry, itchy and painful and red. Some of the other symptoms include plaques, dandruff-like flaking, burning sensation or soreness and hair loss. There can be one or multiples patches on the scalp. Psoriasis can be noticed on the entire scalp and the nearby areas such as forehead, back of the neck or behind the ears. The main cause of psoriasis is still unknown. Experts say it that can due to a disorder of excessive growth and reproduction of skin cells or due to some kind of immune-mediated disorder. It can be also due to genes, excessive stress, infections and medications. There are certain treatments available for scalp psoriasis. Along with special prescribed medications, there are also natural medicines to get relief from this scalp problem. There are special shampoos for scalp psoriasis that you need to use to wash your hair regularly. Psoriasis is usually treated with steroid creams or ointments with cortisone that you need to apply on the infected area. Regular application of neem oil, lavender oil and eucalyptus oil is also very helpful in the treatment of scalp psoriasis. But you need to keep in mind that treatment should be supported by a healthy and well balance diet along with a good hair care routine.

Head Lice

This scalp problem is one of the most common problems worldwide. These are tiny and stubborn parasites that live in hair and suck the blood from your scalp. But head lice are not dangerous and are also not linked unhealthy scalp and improper hair care routine. However the matter of head lice cannot be ignored as if not treated at the right time it can even cause skin irritation and even infection that will gradually impact your hair growth rate. Some of the common symptoms of head lice are a tickling sensation in the hair, itching on the scalp, sores on the head, inflammation on the scalp and infection on the head that makes you feel like scratching to get relief. Head lice are quite common amongst children, and they spread quickly and easily from child to child when brushes, combs, headphones, hats, and caps are shared. There are many ways to get rid of head lice. However the best treatment is the special comb known as nit comb. Use a nit comb to comb your hair thoroughly twice daily for two to three months. While combing, all the head lice will be removed from your hair. There are also especially shampoos, lotions or sprays that are designed for treating head lice. Along with these treatments you can try some home remedies for treating head lice. Vinegar, mayonnaise, olive oil, butter, petroleum jelly and alcohol can be used on the scalp to get rid of head lice.


Scalp ringworm also known as tinea capitis is a kind of scalp infection caused by the mold-like fungi called dermatophytes. This scalp infection is highly contagious and so it needs to be properly treated otherwise it can lead to other hair problems. This fungus infection can be mostly seen amongst children. It is quite rare in adults. Some of the symptoms of scalp ringworm are scaly red rash on the scalp, patches of hair loss on the infected area of the scalp, intense inching on the scalp and brittle and fragile hair on the infected area. The main cause of this scalp problem is frequent contact with animals such as cows, goats, pigs and horses. Other causes can be poor hair care routine, living in damp areas, weak immune system and health problems like diabetes, AIDS, or cancer. Scalp ringworm is usually treated with oral antifungal medications and medicated shampoos. Also lot of care needs to be taken regarding scalp hygiene. Natural ingredients such as cassia leaves, basil leaves, basil oil, lemon juice, tea tree oil, lemongrass oil, fresh raw garlic juice, sea salt, lavender oil, thyme oil, coconut oil, raw papaya, apple cider vinegar, garlic cloves and juice of raw turmeric are quite helpful in reducing inflammation, redness and itchiness caused by the fungus.

Along with the above mentioned four popular scalp problems there are some other scalp problems also that need to be mentioned here. Other scalp problems include Seborrhoeic dermatitis which is a skin disorder that results in scaly, flaky and itchy skin; Cradle Cap which is a kind of scalp problem which occurs in newborns; and Cutis verticis gyrata which is a very rare deformity of the scalp.

To conclude healthy scalp means healthy hair growth. So in case your scalp is having any of the above mentioned problems, you need to take the precautions as soon as possible. No matter how small the problem is it needs to be treated properly and on time.

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