Alopecia areata also known spot baldness is a kind of medical condition where loss happens in some or all areas of the body, especially the scalp. It is basically a kind of disease that hugely affects the hair follicles from which hair grows. People suffering from alopecia areata can have hair loss in small around patches on the scalp or any other part of the body. In proper precaution is not taken, this disease can even cause total loss of hair on the head.
Alopecia Areata Causes:
The exact cause behind Alopecia Areata is still unknown. However it is caused due to an abnormality in the immune system. Due to which white blood cells found in body attack the cells of hair follicles and disrupts the normal process of hair growth. This results in slow hair production. But as long the supply of new cells in the follicle is not affected, there is always the possibility for hair re-growth.
Some of the other causes include prolong stress, chemical exposure, illness, medications, some kind of allergic reaction, malnutrition, a viral or bacterial infection, genetics, aging and physical traumas.
The main symptom of Alopecia Areata is a small patch of hairless skin in an otherwise normal hair growth area. It can happen on the scalp and beard or any other part of the body where having hair is very normal. Other symptoms include appearance of short hairs that look like fractured hairs, excessive hair fall within a short period of time; hair will pull out easily that is located along the edge of the patch, yellow areas of skin deposition at the follicle, short thin hairs, and present of gray hair in a bald area.
Who can get Alopecia Areata?
This hair loss problem affects about 2% of the population. It can happen to adults as well as children, even those in good health. This means people from both sexes and of all ages and ethnic backgrounds can suffer from Alopecia Areata. If anyone from your family is suffering from Alopecia Areata, then your chances of having it is more as compared to others.
How to treat Alopecia Areata?
One good thing about Alopecia Areata is that in many cases hair will grow back without any treatment or medicines. But, there are also medications available in the market that can help in reducing hair loss and promote re-growth of hair. There are also people who have got positive results with surgery, such as hair transplants, scalp reduction, and strip or flap grafts.
Biotin and zinc enriched food items can even help a lot in treating Alopecia Areata. So try to include biotin and zinc in your diet by eating foods such as chard, lettuce, carrots, and tomatoes.
Aromatherapy is also very helpful in the treatment of Alopecia Areata. Here the scalp is given a thorough massage with a combination of several essential oils such as lavender, jojoba, rosemary, grapeseed, thyme, and cedar wood that can improve hair growth. Use this powerful oil to massage your scalp daily. This will help in improving blood circulation to the scalp and reduce stress.
In addition to treatments, you also need to take extra care of your hair. You must not expose your hair to the harmful UV rays of the sun. When going out always put some sunscreen to offer protection to exposed areas. Wear a cap, hat or bandana to protect the scalp from the sun and keep the head warm. If the affects of Alopecia Areata is on your face, you need to protect your eyes with eyeglasses from direct sun light and from dust and debris.
To conclude, Alopecia Areata is not a very serious disease. But as it affects the physical appearance of a person, you simply cannot take this disease lightly. Living with hair loss can be difficult as hair is regarded as a sign of beauty and good health. So, as soon as you are diagnosed with Alopecia Areata you must consult your doctor and follow his recommendations.
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